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Nathalie George, PhD

Social and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory
ICM, UMR 7225 / UMR-S 1127, UPMC / CNRS / INSERM
Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière
Hôpital de la Salpêtrière
47 bd de l'Hôpital
F - 75651 Paris cedex 13

tel: +33 (0)1 57 27 43 79, fax: +33 (0)1 57 27 47 93


Current Research and Interests


Face perception and social cognition

Gaze direction perception; Cognitive and cerebral processes associated with the perception of gaze contact; Joint attention; Influence of direct gaze perception on cognitive performance; Emotional face perception; Interaction between identity and emotion processing; Attention orienting by gaze; Impression formation on faces. ... see our group page


Methods used


Event-Related Potentials and Magnetic Fields

Source reconstruction

Behavior & Psychophysics

Curriculum Vitae


born 1970 (Nantes), 2 children

Posts held

Since Octobre 2012 - Research Director (DR2, equivalent to a tenure as a full-time senior researcher) at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS).

Apr.2012 onwards - Scientific head of the MEG-EEG platform, Centre for Neuroimaging Research (CENIR), Centre de Recherche de l'Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle Epinière (CRICM), Paris.

Sept.2011 onwards- co-head of the Cogimage group, Centre de Recherche de l'Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle Epinière (CRICM), Paris.

2009 onwards - Member of the Cogimage group, Centre de Recherche de l'ICM (CRICM), CNRS UMR 7225 / INSERM UMRS975 / UPMC U975, Paris.

2005- 2008 - Head of the Vision and Cognition group at the CNRS UPR 640, Paris.

Oct. 2001 onwards - Full-time researcher at the CNRS (French National Centre for Scientific Research). Research held at the Cognitive Neuroscience and Cerebral Imaging Unit, CNRS UPR 640 – LENA, Paris.


1998/2001 - Lecturer at the Université Paris 8, Saint-Denis


1997/98 - Post-doctoral fellowship in the Functional Imaging Laboratory, Wellcome Dept of Cognitive Neurology, London, UK (dir.: Pr. R. Frackowiak)
Supervisors : Prof. R. Dolan in collaboration with Pr.J. Driver
Funding : grant awarded by the Fyssen foundation (France)


University education

2007     -Habilitation à Dirigier des Recherches , Université Paris 6, France

  • Title: Face recognition: from visual to social cognition


1993/97     - PhD in Cognitive Sciences, Université Paris 6, France

  • Thesis title: The neural bases of face recognition: an event-related potential study

  • Supervisors: Prof. N. Fiori and B. Renault (LENA - CNRS URA 654, now UPR 640)

  • Funding: Teaching Assistant at the Université de Rennes from 1996 to 97; Research Fellowship awarded by the French Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research from 1993 to 96.


1989/93     - Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris). During these four years, I completed:

  • a Research Masters in Biology comprising of University courses and research placements (Université Paris 6):

    - Diplom of advanced studies in Cognitive Sciences
    including a
    one-year research internship in the CNRS URA 654 (now UPR 640), Paris
    - Research placement in the Neurobiological Institute of Heidelberg, Germany (2 months)
    - BSc and MSc in Animal Physiology and Cellular Biology

  • a BSc and MSc in Psychology (Université Paris 5)


Want to join?

  If you want to work in the Vision & Cognition group, send me an e-mail stating your field of interest and a c.v. Sources of funding can be looked for in the CNRS, the ANR, the Fyssen foundation, the EU programs, etc.

Publication list


Peer-reviewed papers

  • Dumas, T., Dubal, S., Attal, Y., Morel, S., Chupin, M., Jouvent, R., & George, N. (2013). MEG evidence for early amygdala responses to fearful faces in healthy adults. PloS ONE, 8(9): e74145. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074145.

  • Ulloa, J.L., & George, N. (2013). A Cognitive Neuroscience View on Pointing: What is Special About Pointing with the Eyes and Hands? Humana.Mente Journal of Philosophical Studies, 24, 203-228.

  • Ulloa, J.L., Puce, A., Hugueville, L., & George, N. (2013). Sustained neural activity to gaze and emotion perception in dynamic social scenes. SCAN, in press. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss141

  • Rigato, S., Menon, E., Di Gangi, V., George, N., & Farroni, T. (2013). The role of facial expressions in attention orienting in adults and infants. International Journal of BehavioralDevelopment, 37(2), 154-159. doi:10.1177/0165025412472410

  • Chevallier, C., Huguet, P., Happé, F., George, N. & Conty, L. (2013). Salient social cues are prioritized in Autism Spectrum Disorders despite overall decrease in social attention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43:1642–1651. doi: 10.1007/s10803-012-1710-x

  • Lachat, F., Farroni, T. & George, N. (2012). Watch out! Magnetoencephalographic Evidence for Early Modulation of Attention Orienting by Fearful Gaze Cueing. PloS ONE, 7(11): e50499. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050499

  • Gamond, L., Tallon-Baudry, C., Guyon, N., Lemaréchal, J.-D., Hugueville, L., & George, N. (2012). Behavioral evidence for differences in social and non-social category learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 3:291. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00291

  • Lachat, F., Hugueville, L., Lemaréchal, J.-D., Conty, L., & George, N. (2012). Oscillatory brain correlates of live joint attention: a dual-EEG study. In Frontiers Research Topic “Towards a neuroscience of social interaction”, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6:156. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00156

  • Morel, S., Beaucousin, V., Perrin, M., & George, N. (2012). Very early modulation of brain responses to neutral faces by a single prior association with an emotional context: evidence from MEG. NeuroImage, 61, 1461-70. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.04.016

  • La Corte, V., Dalla Barba, G., Lemaréchal, J.-D., Garnero, L., & George, N. (2012). Behavioural and magnetoencephalographic evidence for the interaction between semantic and episodic memory in healthy elderly subjects. Brain Topography, 25, 408-422. doi: 10.1007/s10548-012-0222-5

  • Lachat, F., Conty, L., Hugueville, L., & George, N. (2012).Gaze cueing effect in a face-to-face situation. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 36, 177–190. doi: 10.1007/s10919-012-0133-x

  • La Corte, V., George, N., Pradat, P., & Dalla Barba, G. (2011). Distorted Temporal Consciousness and preserved Knowing Consciousness in confabulation: A case study. Behavioural Neurology, 24, 307-315. doi: 10.3233/BEN-2011-0341

  • Hsu, S.-M., George, N., Wyart, V., & Tallon-Baudry, C. (2011). Voluntary and involuntary spatial attention interact differently with awareness. Neuropsychologia, 49(9), 2465-2474. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.04.024

  • Gamond, L., George, N., Lemaréchal, J.-D., Hugueville, L., Adam, C., & Tallon-Baudry, C. (2011). Early influence of prior experience on face perception. NeuroImage, 54, 1415-26. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.08.081

  • Chaby, L., Narme, P., & George, N. (2011). Older adults’ configural processing of faces: role of second-order information. Psychology and Aging, 26(1), Mar, 71-79. doi: 10.1037/a0020873

  • Conty, L., Russo, M., Loehr, V., Hugueville, L., Barbu, S., Huguet, P., Tijus, C., & George, N. (2010). The mere perception of eye contact increases arousal during a word-spelling task. Social Neuroscience, 5(2), 171-186. doi: 10.1080/17470910903227507

  • Conty, L., Gimmig, D., Belletier, C., George, N., & Huguet, P. (2010) The cost of being watched:Stroop interference increases under concomitant eye contact. Cognition, 115, 133-139. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2009.12.005

  • Morel, S., Ponz, A., Mercier, M., Vuilleumier, P. & George, N. (2009). EEG-MEG evidence for early differential repetition effects for fearful, happy and neutral faces. Brain Research, 1254: 84-98. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2008.11.079

  • George, N.& Conty, L. (2008). Facing the gaze of others. Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology  (NCCN), 38, 197-207.

  • Conty, L., N’Diaye, K., Tijus, C., George, N. (2007) When eye creates the contact! ERP evidence for early dissociation between direct and averted gaze motion processing. Neuropsychologia, 45(13):3024-37. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.05.017

  • Conty, L. Tijus, C., Hugueville, L., Coelho, E. & George, N. Searching for asymmetries in the detection of gaze contact versus averted gaze under different head views: a behavioural study. Spatial Vision, 19(6), 529-545.

  • Itier, R.J., Herdman, A. T., George, N., Cheyne, D. & Taylor, M.J. Inversion and contrast-reversal effects on face processing assessed by MEG. Brain Research, 1115, 108-120.

  • George, N., Jemel, B., Fiori, N, Chaby, L. and Renault, B. (2005) Electrophysiological correlates of facial decision: insights from upright and upside-down Mooney-face perception. Cognitive Brain Research, 24(3), 663-673.

  • Vuilleumier, P., George, N., Lister, V., Armony, J. & Driver, J. (2005). Effects of perceived mutual gaze on face judgments and face recognition memory. Visual Cognition, 12(1), 85-101.

  • Lachaux, J.-P., George, N., Tallon-Baudry, C., Martinerie, J., Hugueville, L., Minotti, L., Kahane, P. & Renault, B. (2005). The many faces of the gamma band response to complex visual stimuli. NeuroImage, 25, 491-501.

  • Pouthas, V., George, N., Poline, J.B., Pfeuty, M, Van de Moorteele, P.F., Hugueville, L, Ferrandez, A.-M., Lehéricy, S., Le Bihan, D. & Renault, B. (2005). Neural network  involved in time perception: an fMRI study comparing long and short interval estimation. Human Brain Mapping, 25(4), 433-441.

  • Macaluso , E., George, N., Dolan, R., Spence, C. & Driver, J. (2004). Spatial and temporal factors during processing of audio-visual speech: a PET study. NeuroImage, 21(2), 725-732.

  • Chaby, L., George, N. & Fiori, N. (2003) Age-related changes in brain activity response to personally known faces. Neuroscience Letters, 349, 125-129.

  • Taylor, M., George, N. & Ducorps, A. (2001) Magnetoencephalographic evidence of early processing of direction of gaze. Neuroscience Letters, 316(3), 173-177.

  • George, N., Driver, J. & Dolan, R.J. (2001). Seen gaze-direction modulates fusiform activity and its coupling with other brain areas during face processing. NeuroImage, 13(6):1102-1112.

  • Chaby, L., Jemel, B., George, N., Renault B. & Fiori N. (2001). An ERP study of famous face incongruity detection in middle-aged. Brain and Cognition, 45(3), 357-77.

  • George, N., Jemel, B., Fiori, N. & Renault, B (2000). Holistic and part-based face representations : evidence from the memory span of the “ face superiority effect ”. Current Psychology Letters / Behavior, Brain & Cognition, 1, 89-106.

  • George, N., Dolan, R.J., Fink, G.R., Baylis, G.C., Russell, C. & Driver, J. (1999). Contrast polarity and face recognition in the human fusiform gyrus. Nature Neuroscience, 2(6), 574-580.

  • Rodriguez, E., George, N., Lachaux, J.-P., Martinerie, J., Renault, B. et Varela, F. (1999). Long-distance gamma band synchronization of human brain activity. Nature, 397, 430-433.

  • Jemel, B., George, N., Chaby, L., Fiori, N. & Renault, B. (1999). Differential processing of Part-to-Whole and Part-to-Part face priming : an ERP study. NeuroReport, 10(5), 1069-1075.

  • Jemel, B., George, N., Olivares, E., Fiori, N. & Renault, B. (1999). Event-related potentials to structural familiar face incongruity processing. Psychophysiology, 36, 437-452.

  • George, N., Jemel, B., Fiori, N. & Renault, B. (1997). Face and shape repetition effects in humans: a spatio-temporal ERP study. NeuroReport, 8(6), 1417-1423.

  • George, N., Evans, J., Fiori, N., Davidoff, J. & Renault, B. (1996). Brain events related to normal and moderately scrambled faces. Cognitive Brain Research, 4(2), 65-76.

  • George, N., Evans, J., Fiori, N., Davidoff, J. & Renault, B. (1994). Apport des potentiels évoqués cérébraux à l'étude de l'effet de "supériorité des visages". Psychologie Française (n° spécial sur “ La Reconnaissance des Visages ”, G. Tiberghien et B. Renault [Eds]), 39-4, 313-326.


Book chapters

  • George, N. (2013) Chapter 7 - The facial expression of emotions. In Vuilleumier, P. & Armony, J. (Eds). Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience. 1st Ed. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, US (pp.171-197).

  • George, N., Morel, S. & Conty, L. (2008). Visages et electrophysiologie. In E.Barbeau, S.Joubert & O.Felician (Eds), Traitement et reconnaissance des visages : du percept à la personne. Solal (collection Neuropsychologie) : Marseille (à paraître).

  • Conty, L. & George, N. (2008). Visages et cognition sociale In E.Barbeau, S.Joubert & O.Felician (Eds), Traitement et reconnaissance des visages : du percept à la personne. Solal (collection Neuropsychologie) : Marseille (à paraître).

  • George, N. (2004). Ch6 - La reconnaissance des visages. In B.Renault (Ed.), L’imagerie fonctionnelle électrique (EEG) et magnétique (MEG) : ses applications en sciences cognitives. Hermès (collection Sciences Cognitives) : Paris (pp. 123-143).

  • George, N. (à paraître). Traitement des expériences de potentiels et champs évoqués. In M. Joliot (Ed.), Neuroimagerie cognitive : physiologie, instrumentation, plans expérimentaux, mise en oeuvre et traitements. Hermès (Traité de Sciences Cognitives) : Paris.


Other publications

  • Dumas, T., Attal, Y., Dubal, S., Jouvent, R., & George, N. (2011). Detection of activity from the amygdala with magnetoencephalography. Article invité dans le cadre du colloque “L’imagerie cérébrale dans tous ses états” en hommage à Line Garnero (26 nov 2010, Paris). IRBM, Ingénierie et Recherche Biomédicale / BioMedical Engineering and Research, 32, 42–47. doi: 10.1016/j.irbm.2010.11.001.

  • Dumas, G., Lachat, F., Martinerie, J., Nadel, J., & George, N. (2011). From social behaviour to brain synchronization: review and perspectives in hyperscanning.Article invité dans le cadre du colloque “L’imagerie cérébrale dans tous ses états” en hommage à Line Garnero (26 nov 2010, Paris).IRBM, Ingénierie et Recherche Biomédicale / BioMedical Engineering and Research, 32,48–53. doi: 10.1016/j.irbm.2011.01.002

  • La Corte, V., George, N., & Dalla Barba, G. (2011) Model of the hippocampo-cortical connectivity in “Temporal Consciousness” in normal and pathological memory: The Hippocampus, Memory and Temporal Consciousness project. Article invité dans le cadre du colloque “L’imagerie cérébrale dans tous ses états” en hommage à Line Garnero (26 nov 2010, Paris).IRBM, Ingénierie et Recherche Biomédicale / BioMedical Engineering and Research, 32, 54–59. doi: 10.1016/j.irbm.2011.01.004

  • George, N. (2011). La détection cérébrale précoce des émotions. Article invité dans Ann Med Psychol (Paris), 169, 112-115. doi: 10.1016/j.amp.2010.12.003
    George, N., & Gamond, L. (2011). Premières impressions. L’Essentiel de Cerveau et Psychologie, n° spécial « Le monde des émotions », n°7 (Août-Octobre), pp.48-53.

  • George, N. (2006). Les visages. De la perception visuelle à la perception sociale. Revue Découverte n° 341 (0ctobre). sous presse.

  • George, N. (1999). Bases cérébrales et aspects computationnels de la reconnaissance des visages : apport de l’IRMf. Annales de la fondation Fyssen, n°14, 58-67.

  • George, N., Rodriguez, E. et Lachaux, J.-P. (1999). Aux frontières de la perception : de l’intégration neurale à l’intégration cognitive. Abstracts Neuro & Psy, n°200, pp.36-37.

  • George, N., Rodriguez, E. et Lachaux, J.-P. (1999). Aux frontières de la perception : de l’intégration neurale à l’intégration cognitive. Abstracts Neuro & Psy, n°200, pp.36-37.

  • George, N., Rodriguez, E. et Lachaux, J.-P. (1999). L’intégration perceptive coexiste avec des synchronisations à longue distance de l’activité électrique cérébrale chez l’homme. Médecine Sciences, 15(3), 438-440.

  • Jemel, B., George, N., Chaby, L., Fiori, N. et Renault, B. (1998). Incongruité sémantique et incongruité faciale. In Y. Christen, L. Collet et M.-T. Droy-Lefaix (Eds), Rencontres IPSEN en ORL, Tome 2, Irvinn : Paris, pp.101-114.

  • George, N. (1997). Les ondes de la reconnaissance des visages. Biozoom dans BIO, n°74(Oct.), pp.4.





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